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Storm Phishing: A Not-So-Natural Disaster

Chris Haag October 10th, 2016 Cybercrime
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“Those who escaped the dangers of Hurricane Matthew on the coast faced threats online, according to the governor. South Carolina residents received emails promising updates on power outages. But those who clicked on the link provided in the emails inadvertently opened their computers to hackers…”
Nikki Haley, Governor of South Carolina

Imagine you are the victim of a disaster of some sort: earthquake, fire, hurricane or flooding. You have been evacuated or forced to flee your home with only the items you could frantically put in the car. You are staying at a shelter, a friend’s house or a freeway motel watching the news in rapt disbelief. Checking your email, you see a message from your home county about the disaster and links for more news and help. Clicking the link takes you to a web site that asks you to apply for assistance online – and you’ve been phished! Now, where you had one disaster to face, you have two: the original and identity theft.

The frustrating thing about this scenario is not just that it is real. What is more frustrating is that it is preventable. Using a 6-year old protocol called DMARC (Domain Message Authentication Reporting & Conformance), governments – from local, to state to federal – can ensure that only legitimate messages reach their constituents. Unlike previous security initiatives, DMARC does not just make things incrementally safer. Instead, it can, on a per domain basis, completely prevent delivery of fraudulent messages to mail boxes that enforce DMARC. Given that nearly all major U.S. mail box owners (Gmail, Yahoo! Mail, Office365, Hotmail, Comcast and AT&T to name a few) do enforce DMARC, publishing a DMARC reject (link) record is practically 100% effective.

In light of this, we thought it would be instructive to take a look at the current state of email authentication within government agencies. How “safe” is a .gov message?

Our database has records covering over 16,000 “.gov” domains.

  • Only 11% publish a DMARC record of any kind
  • Only 4% publish a DMARC reject record
  • 96% of governmental domains are unprotected!

We call on governments around the world to start their journey to DMARC reject as soon as possible. One disaster is more than enough for any person to handle!

 

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